حفظ في المفظلة   Omani customs and traditions are distinct in the region


21/02/2016
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  Customs and traditions vary from one country to another, and even within the country itself differences prevail. Some countries around the world may share customs with only minor differences between them, for example the Arab countries that reflect Islamic culture and use the Arabic language. While, Arabic countries may seem similar to one another, they do in fact have different cultures, customs, and traditions. Oman is a distinct Arabian country with traditional characteristics. Its mores are known by foreigners as a masterpiece of its preserved inherited heritage. Clear evidence can be seen through greetings, invitations, food, family relationships and kinship, ceremonial occasions, and clothes. All of these aspects reflect social life in Oman and how Omani people live from day-to-day.
Omanis follow Islamic culture. Their behaviours apply the teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunna. Omanis greet people by shaking hands. One person initiates the greeting by saying “Salam alaykum,” or “peace be upon you.” The other responds with “Wa alaykum as-salam,” or “and upon you be peace.” The greeting is followed by asking one another about the news, health, family, and how things are going.
One of the most famous Omani values is generosity. They are happy when people visit them. Even if they don’t speak the same language, they try to understand their guests by gestures and body language. They take good care of them, treat them very well, and provide a big Omani meal, likely consisting of meat and rice, bread and honey, and fresh food from their own farms. When men meet each other at the mosque or market, each one invites the other to come to his home to share some food. The same goes for women; every day they meet in different houses, enjoying their time together with dates and coffee.
Since the past, Omani people have eaten what they have grown. As a result, different Omani meals have been developed, including mash, Omani bread, aursia, thareed, and halwa. Aursia is a famous Omani meal usually cooked for big festivals such as the Eids. It consists of mashed rice mixed with chickens and spices. The same ingredients are used to make thareed, except bread is used instead of rice and meat can be used instead of chicken. Halwa is a symbol of Omani heritage. It is a sweet that comes in three flavours: white halwa, which is made with milk, black halwa which is made with figs, and yellow halwa which is made with saffron. This sweet is served with coffee and it is typically offered to guests, along with dates and yoghurt.
Omanis are known by their strong relationships. Those who live close to each other, especially those in small villages, are united and behave as if they are one family. On the weekends, small families visit their grandparents and bring along gifts.
People gather together for different occasions and ceremonies. Some of them are gladdened at happy occasions such as weddings, while others are dejected at sadder occasions. Beside that, Omani people are happy with Islamic celebrations. The two most famous holidays are Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha.
Omani traditional clothes differentiate Omanis from other Arabs. Men wear the dishdasha with the Omani embroidered cap. The dishdasha has a long open slit from the neck to the centre of the chest with a long tassel hanging down from the neckline. The sleeves are loose and embroidery decorates the sleeve hem and neckline. The Omani cap is called a kuma. It originated in Zanzibar, but Omanis wear it because of Omani historical significance there. It has holes in all the embroidery to keep the head cool. This outfit can be worn for all occasions, either socially or at work In formal places, men wear a white dishdasha with a massar. The massar is a wool turban made in India. It can be tied with or without a kuma. While, with friends, men wear a t-shirt and trousers. The traditional dress for women is the black abaya which covers entire body expect the face and hands. It is worn outside the home, but, inside the home, women are free to wear other colourful clothes.
All these customs and traditions shape, the Omani civilisation, making it unique among other nations. These must be preserved to convey a positive message to the outside world about this country and to those who don’t know about Omani culture.

   
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